语气,“虚拟语气”

“虚拟语气”的三大类别

在英文中,“虚拟语气”的浮现方法多种多样,为便利懂得控制,Brad老师将其分为以下三大类

01

条件虚拟(if 虚拟)

条件虚拟是虚拟语气中最常见的表示情势,即句中包括一个与事实相反的条件(通常由“if”引出),以及一个不可能实现的成果。

举三个例子,感受一下:

  • If the earth didn’t rotate around its own axis,there would be no day and night. 其实地球自转的很好,所以白天黑夜也一直有
  • If we had known about your problem, we would have helped you. 其实我们当初不知道,所以当时也没有帮你
  • If you were to visit the south pole,you would see the Penguins.其实你不会去南极,所以你也看不到企鹅

02

搭配虚拟

搭配虚拟,指的是应用一些常见“虚拟”词或词组来进行虚拟语气的表达,也非常广泛。

常见的虚拟词/词组有:wish,would rather,if only等。观赏几个例子:

  • I wish I had wings.翅膀?这个真没有
  • I would rather you sat next to me.其实你坐得离我很远
  • If only I were better looking than you. 其实就是比你丑
  • He treated me as if I were a stranger. 其实他明明认识我

03

句意虚拟

句意虚拟,是指句中并没有显明的虚拟条件,或标记性的“虚拟”词等,仅能从句意中推断出“虚拟”,比如:

  • In the absence of gravity, there would be no air around the earth. 其实地球重力安在,没有缺失
  • I was very busy yesterday. Otherwise I would have come to see you. 其实并没有来看望你

OK,以上就是三大类“虚拟语气”的一些例子展现。信任大家必定注意到了句子中出的各种奇异的谓语动词情势,比如 “were”,“had+done”,“would",“would have” 等等。

没错,这些特别的动词情势就是“虚拟语气”的标记,要想控制好“虚拟语气”,就必需学会这些动词情势的应用规矩,而也是Brad老师接下来几期的教学重点。

总结

无论是日常交换,还是书面表达,应用“虚拟语气”来描写一件“虚拟”的事情其实是一种强烈的刚需,我们无时无刻不在做各种各样的假设,空想,白日梦等等,并通过这些来表达更为庞杂的感情,比如强调,推测,激励,遗憾,可惜,无望等等,因此,”虚拟语气“是每一个英文达人必需控制的高端表达情势。

从下一篇开端,Brad 老师将从“现实虚拟”开端讲起,手把手带你驯服“虚拟语气”,千万不要错过哦!

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